Serwis Gospodarczy Urzędu Marszałkowskiego Województwa ¦l±skiego Serwis Gospodarczy Urzędu Marszałkowskiego Województwa ¦l±skiego Serwis Gospodarczy Urzędu Marszałkowskiego Województwa ¦l±skiego
Województwo ¦l±skie
Katowice, dnia 25 maja 2018
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The ¦l±skie Voivodeship - A Region in Poland

The ¦l±skie Voivodeship is situated in the southern part of Poland – a country located in the centre of Europe that since 2004 has been a member of the European Union. Poland is the largest country among the new members. It covers the area of 312,7 thousand sq. m. and her population is 38,7 million inhabitants.

The ¦l±skie Voivodeship is the most important industrial region, located in the southern part of Poland. It has got excellent connections with the transeuropean transport network. Within its area, the main transeuropean routes cross (the corridor III: Berlin-Wrocław-Katowice-Krakow-Lvov as well as the corridor VI: Gdańsk-Katowice-Żylina).

The region neighbours with the following voivodeships: Opolskie, Łódzkie, ¦więtokrzyskie and Małopolskie and from the south it borders with the Czech and Slovak Republic. Within 600 km from Katowice, there are six European capital cities: Warsaw, Prague, Bratislava, Vienna, Budapest and Berlin. 

Mapa administracyjna Polski z zaznaczeniem ¦l±ska

The unique economic position of the ¦l±skie Voivodeship results from the fact that it is the most industrialised and urbanised region in Poland. 

The largest towns of the ¦l±skie Voivodeship:

Inhabitants in thousand

Katowice 322 285 inhabitants
Częstochowa 249 453 inhabitants
Sosnowiec 229 989 inhabitants
Gliwice 201 586 inhabitants
Zabrze 193 665 inhabitants
Bytom 191 060 inhabitants
Bielsko-Biała 177 390 inhabitants
Ruda ¦l±ska 148 361 inhabitants
Rybnik 142 272 inhabitants
Tychy 132 151 inhabitants
D±browa Górnicza 131 371 inhabitants
Chorzów 115 844 inhabitants
Jaworzno 96 703 inhabitants
Jastrzębie Zdrój 96 475 inhabitants

The high urbanisation rate is evidenced by the value of almost 79% of the population inhabiting the region’s 71 towns of which:

  • 4 towns have the population over 200 thousand inhabitants,
  • 8 towns have the population from 100 to 200 thousand inhabitants,
  • 11 have the population from 50 to 100 thousand inhabitants.

The ¦l±skie Voivodeship holds 14th position in Poland in terms of the area occupied, a 2nd in terms of the population number. Within this relatively small area, covering 12,331 km2, i.e. 3,9% of Poland’s territory, there are 4,714,982 inhabitants, i.e. 12,3% of the general population number, which is the highest population density in Poland (382 people/km2 versus 122 people/km2 in Poland and 116 people/km2 in the EU). Such a large population concentration in the relatively small area forms the huge potential sales market of consumable goods.

The major elements of the settlement system in the ¦l±skie Voivodeship are the municipal agglomerations: the Upper-Silesian – of the European significance and: Bielsko, Czêstochowa and Rybnik – of the national significance.

The Voivodeship is of polycentric nature – there is no one core centre that would fulfil the metropolitan functions (administration, finances, insurance, schools of higher education, culture).

It is the Upper-Silesian Agglomeration that makes the region specific. It is the complex of towns, in fact adjacent to one another, spanning for 70 km from Dabrowa Górnicza to Gliwice. It covers about 18% of the Voivodeship’s area (1,200 sq. km.) and it is inhabited by almost 60% of the region’s population, i.e. 2,8 million people. The average population density is over 1,900 people/sq. km. and is almost 5 times higher that the regional rate. The administration, schools of higher education, larger companies are mostly concentrated in large towns of the agglomeration, such as: Katowice, Sosnowiec, Bytom, Gliwice, Zabrze, Tychy and Chorzów. The significant role is also played by the capitals of the sub-regions: Rybnik, Bielsko-Biała and Częstochowa.

The ¦l±skie Voivodeship is a structurally diversified area. Apart from the well-developed industry, there are also agricultural areas as well as the significant natural and landscape places of interest and the important sites of religious worship, enabling the growth of various forms of tourism.

The ¦l±skie Voivodeship:

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