Voivodeship - A Region
The ¦l±skie Voivodeship is
situated in the southern part
of Poland – a country located in the centre of Europe that
since 2004 has been a member of the European Union. Poland is the
largest country among the new members. It covers the area of 312,7
thousand sq. m. and her population is 38,7 million inhabitants.
The ¦l±skie Voivodeship is the most important
located in the southern part of Poland. It has got excellent
connections with the transeuropean transport network. Within its area,
the main transeuropean routes cross (the corridor III:
Berlin-Wrocław-Katowice-Krakow-Lvov as well as the corridor
The region neighbours with the following voivodeships:
Opolskie, Łódzkie, ¦więtokrzyskie and
Małopolskie and from the south
it borders with the Czech and Slovak Republic. Within 600 km from
Katowice, there are six European capital cities: Warsaw, Prague,
Bratislava, Vienna, Budapest and Berlin.
Mapa administracyjna Polski z
The unique economic position of the ¦l±skie
results from the fact that it is the most industrialised and urbanised
region in Poland.
The largest towns of the ¦l±skie
Inhabitants in thousand
The high urbanisation rate is evidenced by the value of
almost 79% of
the population inhabiting the region’s 71 towns of which:
- 4 towns have the population over 200 thousand
- 8 towns have the population from 100 to 200 thousand
- 11 have the population from 50 to 100 thousand
The ¦l±skie Voivodeship holds 14th
position in Poland in terms of the area occupied, a 2nd
in terms of the population number. Within this relatively small area,
covering 12,331 km2,
i.e. 3,9% of Poland’s territory, there are 4,714,982
i.e. 12,3% of the general population number, which is the highest
population density in Poland (382 people/km2
versus 122 people/km2 in Poland and 116 people/km2
in the EU). Such a large population concentration in the relatively
small area forms the huge potential sales market of consumable goods.
The major elements of the settlement system in
Voivodeship are the municipal agglomerations: the Upper-Silesian
– of the European significance and: Bielsko,
Rybnik – of the national significance.
The Voivodeship is of polycentric nature –
there is no
one core centre that would fulfil the metropolitan functions
(administration, finances, insurance, schools of higher education,
It is the Upper-Silesian Agglomeration that makes the
specific. It is the complex of towns, in fact adjacent to one another,
spanning for 70 km from Dabrowa Górnicza to Gliwice. It
about 18% of the Voivodeship’s area (1,200 sq. km.) and it is
inhabited by almost 60% of the region’s population, i.e. 2,8
million people. The average population density is over 1,900 people/sq.
km. and is almost 5 times higher that the regional rate. The
administration, schools of higher education, larger companies are
mostly concentrated in large towns of the agglomeration, such as:
Katowice, Sosnowiec, Bytom, Gliwice, Zabrze, Tychy and
The significant role is also played by the capitals of the sub-regions:
Rybnik, Bielsko-Biała and Częstochowa.
The ¦l±skie Voivodeship is a
structurally diversified area.
Apart from the well-developed industry, there are also agricultural
areas as well as the significant natural and landscape places of
interest and the important sites of religious worship, enabling the
growth of various forms of tourism.
The ¦l±skie Voivodeship: